Spanish Introduction

 

You are going into a country where minimal amounts of english are spoken.  

On the construction sites there will be a local foreman and community members who have minimal english.

You have two choices.  

1) Ask the group translater what was said.

2) Learn some spanish, and understand what's being said around and to you!

Construction Tools

Pick - Piocha

Hoe - Azadon

Extension Cord - Extencion

Trowel - Cuchara

Hammer - Martillo

Level - Nivel

Plumb Line - Plomo

Bucket - Cubeta

Bottle - Botella

Plastic Line - Cuerda

Wire Cutters (small) - Alicates 

Bolt Cutters (big) - Gilotina

Shovel - Pala

Broom - Escoba

Pencil - Lapiz

Pen - Pluma

Striker - Sizador

Bag - Bolsa

Ladder - Escalera

Hook - Gancho

Welder - Soldadora 

Scaffolding - Andamio

Safety Glasses - Lentes

Tape Measure - Metro

Bending Tool - Grife

Board - Tabla, Tablero

Saw - Sierra

Screen / Sifter - Cedazo

Wheel Barrow - Carreta

 

Construction Supplies

Nail - Clavo

Screw - Tornillo

Rebar - Varilla

Wire - Alambre

Tube - Tubo Steel

Steel Beams - Canaletas

Gravel - Grava

Block - Bloque

Concrete - Concreto

Cement - Cemento

Mortar - Mezcla

U-Block - Bloque de U

Paper - Papel

Wood - Maderra

Sand - Arena

Stones - Piedras

Rocks (Big) - Rocas

Earth - Tierra

Ceramic Tiles - Ceramica

Bricks - Ladrillo

Mud - Lodo

Water - Agua

Electricity - Electricidad

 

Measurements

Centimetre - Centimetro

Meter - Metro

Inch - Pulgada

Feet - Pie

Piece - Pedaso

More - Mas

Less - Menos

Parts of the Building

Building - Edificio

Column - Columna

Support Beam - Solera

Door - Puerta

Window - Ventana

Walls - Muros

Floor - Piso

Roof - Techo

Light - Luz

Room - Cuarto

Toilet - Baño

Kitchen - Cocina

 

Extras...

Dirty - Sucio

Clean - Limpio

Wash - Lavar

Up - Arriba

Down - Debajo

Dry - Seco

Wet - Mojado

A Bit - Poco

A Little Bit - Porquito

A Lot - Mucho

Hard - Duro

Heavy - Pesado (Peso Mucho)

Strong - Fuerte

Here - Aqui

There - Alla

Already - Ya

Enough - Suficiente

Pass me - Paseme

You done? - Termina?

More or less - Mas o Menos

 

Clothing

Clothes - Ropas

Hat - Sombrero

Baseball Hat - Gorra

Sweater - Sueter

Jacket - Chaqueta

Gloves - Guantes

Shoes - Zapatos

Boots - Botas

 

Mealtime

Breakfast - Desayuno

Lunch - Almuerzo

Dinner - Cena

Dessert - Postre

Knife - Cuchillo

Fork - Tenedor

Spoon - Cuchara

Vegetarian - Vegetariano(a) 

 

 

Pronunciation Tips

Every letter has only one sound and each letter in the word is pronounced, unlike English!!

  • Two L's (ll) make a y sound.

  • Two R's (rr) you roll them.

  • V's are pronounced as B's.

  • Z's are pronounced as S's.

  • J's are pronounced as H's.

  • H's you don't pronounce.

Social / Manners

Hello - Hola 

Good Bye - Adios 

Please - Por Favor 

Thank You - Gracias 

You're Welcome - De Nada 

Sorry - Perdon / Lo Siento 

Yes - Si 

No - No 

Okay / Good - Bueno 

 

Pleased to meet you - Mucho Gusto 

How are you? - Como esta usted? 

Very well, and you? - Muy bien y usted? 

What's your name? - Como se llama? 

How old are you? - Quantos años tiene? 

 

I have - Tengo 

You have - Tiene 

I like it - Me gusta 

I want - Quiero 

You want - Quiere 

There is / There are - Hay 

 

Good Morning - Buenas Dias 

Good Afternoon - Buenas Tardes 

Good Evening - Buenas Noches 

See You Later - Hasta Luego 

 

Question Words 

Who? - Quien 

What? - Que 

Where? - Donde 

Why? - Por Que 

When? - Quando 

How? - Como 

How Much? - Quanto

 

Numbers

1 Uno                   21 Veintiuno

2 Dos                   22 Veintidos

3 Tres                  23 Veintitres

4 Cuatro              24 Veinticuatro

5 Cinco                25 Veinticinco

6 Seis                  26 Veintiseis

7 Siete                 27 Veintisiete

8 Ocho                 28 Veintiocho

9 Nueve               29 Veintinueve

10 Diez                30 Treinta​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

11 Once               31 Treinta y uno

12 Doce               32 Treinta y dos

13 Trece              40 Cuarenta

14 Catorce          41 Cuarenta y uno

15 Quince            50 Cincuenta

16 Dieciseis         60 Sesenta

17 Diecisiete        70 Setenta

18 Dieciocho         80 Ochenta

19 Diecinueve       90 Noventa

20 Veinte               100 Cien